The Moths of Suffolk
2126 Setaceous Hebrew Character, Xestia c-nigrum, (Linnaeus, 1758)

National Status : Common

Local Status : Resident (SMP Status 1)

Distribution and abundance : Widespread and abundant

Habitats : In a wide variety, including woodland, gardens, fens, grassland, woodland, scrub

Flight Period : Double-brooded; May to July and August to October

Larval foodplants : Various herbaceous plants

Morley's Final Catalogue : Suffolk (Stephens, Illust. ii, 1829, p. 136). Par excellence the two (referring also to Square-spot Rustic) most prevalent of all autumn Noctuid moths.

Wingspan details : Forewing 14-19mm, Wingspan 35-45mm

Identification

Confusion species
    AdultTriple-spotted Clay, Xestia ditrapezium
Double Square-spot, Xestia triangulum

Compare confusion species
    Adult

Click to view full size image
Thetford (26.v.2001) © L Gregory

Flight chart
JFMAMJJASOND
2 6 4 100 29 2

Life history chart
JFMAMJJASOND
larval diapause larval diapause larva larvapupa imago ovaimago ovalarvaimago larvapupaimago imago ovalarvaimago larval diapause larval diapause

Further Photographs

Click to view full size imageClick to view full size imageClick to view full size image
Ipswich, Suffolk (29.viii.2009) © A Prichard
Ipswich, Suffolk (23.vi.2012) © Neil Sherman
Dunwich, Suffolk (22.viii.2016) © Paul Kitchener
 
Click to view full size image
Reddish-brown example - Ipswich, Suffolk (22.viii.2018) © Paul Kitchener