The Moths of Suffolk
2134 Square-spot Rustic, Xestia xanthographa, (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775)

National Status : Common

Local Status : Resident (SMP Status 1)

Distribution and abundance : Widespread and abundant

Habitats : In a wide variety, including grassland, heathland, fens, woodland, scrub and gardens

Flight Period : Single-brooded; mid-July to mid-October

Larval foodplants : Various grasses in the main, occasionally herbaceous plants

Morley's Final Catalogue : Suffolk (Stephens, Illust. ii, 1829, p. 136). Par excellence the two (referring also to Setaceous Hebrew Character) most prevalent of all autumn Noctuid moths.

Wingspan details : Forewing 14-17mm, Wingspan 30-40mm

Identification

Confusion species
    AdultGarden Dart, Euxoa nigricans
Neglected Rustic, Xestia castanea
White-marked, Cerastis leucographa

Compare confusion species
    Adult

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Eye (6.viii.2005) © Paul Kitchener

Flight chart
JFMAMJJASOND
43 100 1

Life history chart
JFMAMJJASOND
larva larva larva larval diapause larval diapause pupa imago imago ovalarvaimago larva larva larva

Further Photographs

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Larva - Cheshire (3.iv.2004) © Lee Gregory
Dunwich, Suffolk (16.viii.2005) © Lee Gregory
Ipswich, Suffolk (viii.2007) © Neil Sherman
 
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Ipswich, Suffolk (29.viii.2009) © A Prichard
Ipswich, Suffolk (29.viii.2009) © A Prichard
VC25. Burgh Castle, Suffolk (22.viii.2010) © Brian Jones
 
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Ipswich, Suffolk (1.ix.2014) © Paul Kitchener
Ipswich, Suffolk (22.viii.2014) © Neil Sherman
Ipswich, Suffolk (18.viii.2016) © Paul Kitchener
 
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Ipswich, Suffolk (1.ix.2016) © Paul Kitchener
Ipswich, Suffolk (20.viii.2018) © Paul Kitchener
Unusual teardrop-shaped orbicular stigmata - Ipswich, Suffolk (14.ix.2018) © Paul Kitchener